Download e-book for kindle: Die Vorzeit war ganz anders: Methoden und Ergebnisse der by Lewis R. Binford

By Lewis R. Binford

ISBN-10: 3889660088

ISBN-13: 9783889660084

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Extra info for Die Vorzeit war ganz anders: Methoden und Ergebnisse der Neuen Archäologie

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So ergab sich ganz plötzlich ein völlig neues Bild des Frühmenschen. Denn wenn Darts Vision, die auf seinen Beobachtungen beruhte, tatsächlich zutraf, dann benahmen sich die Menschen in jenem weit zurückliegenden Abschnitt der Vergangenheit kaum anders als unsereiner. Sie gingen auf die Jagd (wobei es bisweilen außerordentlich grausam zuging), sie hatten ihr festes Zuhause, schliefen durchaus nicht nur einmal an einem und demselben Platz, brachten die Nahrungsmittel dorthin, wo sie auch die Nacht verbrachten, und wohnten sogar in einer Art Haus – alles eindeutige Verhaltensmerkmale, durch die sich der Mensch von anderen Primaten unterscheidet.

Alles griff ineinander. Alles paßte zueinander, und dies brachte Brain zu der Überzeugung, daß ebendieselben Prozesse hier seit Jahrmillionen am Werk gewesen seien und zur Bildung jener paläontologischen Schichten geführt hatten, die man damals in Südafrika ausgrub. 44 11 Schematische Darstellung des Entstehens sudafrikanischer Hominidenfundstätten: Frühstufen. Am Anfang steht die Bildung eines unterirdischen Hohlraums durch Auflösung des Dolomitgesteins unterhalb des Grundwasserspiegels (A). Langfristige Erosionsvorgänge führen dazu, daß sich Flüsse immer tiefer in die Landschaft einfressen.

Kein Wunder, daß diejenigen nun verstummten, die sich bisher nur schwer hatten dazu durchringen können, den Frühmenschen als Jäger zu betrachten. Leider starb Leakey 1972, als er sich gerade bemühte, neue Geldmittel für seine Forschungen aufzutreiben. Seine Frau Mary und sein Sohn Richard führten seine Arbeit an anderen Grabungsstätten weiter. Doch dient Leakeys Material aus Olduwai noch immer als Grundlage der gängigen Ansichten über das Verhalten des frühen Menschen – Ansichten, wie man sie noch immer in nahezu allen heutigen Handbüchern und dergleichen findet.

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Die Vorzeit war ganz anders: Methoden und Ergebnisse der Neuen Archäologie by Lewis R. Binford

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