By Graeme Gill
The cave in of communism was once extensively heralded because the sunrise of democracy around the former Soviet quarter. despite the fact that, the political end result has been less uniform. The post-communist states have built political platforms from democracy to dictatorship. utilizing examples and empirical facts amassed from twenty-six former Soviet states, Graeme Gill presents an in depth comparative research of the middle problems with regime swap, the production of civil society, monetary reform and the altering nature of post-communism. inside of those person situations, it turns into transparent that political results haven't been arbitrary, yet at once mirror the situations surrounding the delivery of independence. scholars of Comparative Politics, diplomacy and Russian and Post-Soviet experiences may still locate this booklet crucial examining.
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Additional info for Democracy and Post-Communism: Political Change in the Post-Communist World (Routledge Research in Comparative Politics, 1)
These different systems encourage different sorts of developments within the party structures. 9 Under these circumstances, local party organisations are of secondary importance. In contrast, the SMC system promotes the development of local party organs because it is on the local level that candidates must be found and the campaign mounted; while central organs may be significant in financing and coordination, it is the local organs which are central to the mounting of the local campaigns. Thus PR promotes strongly centralised parties while SMC encourages parties with a weaker centre and stronger lower level organisations.
The negotiations also produced agreement forbidding parties based on ethnic or religious grounds. This was important because moves in the last years of communist rule to assimilate the Turkish population had led to significant tension and unrest and to the emergence of a party to represent Turkish 32 Negotiating regime change interests, the Movement for Rights and Freedoms (MRF). The election was to be for a Grand National Assembly which was to sit for eighteen months to prepare a new constitution.
Although officially a process of constitutional amendment (the opposition parties argued that the communist era parliament lacked the authority to adopt a new constitution), in fact the document was almost completely new. The Round Table thus produced the basic rules for the new political system. However these were to be changed following the first election. The electoral system worked out in the Round Table was designed to assist large parties and increase the margin of the winners: in order to gain seats through PR, parties were required to present candidates in a certain number of SMC constituencies, and there was a 4% threshold with residual votes distributed to national party lists.
Democracy and Post-Communism: Political Change in the Post-Communist World (Routledge Research in Comparative Politics, 1) by Graeme Gill