By Peter Harris, Ben Reilly, Mark Anstey
This guide offers useful recommendation on tips to dealer peace in international locations rising from deep-rooted clash and descriptions innovations negotiators can draw upon whilst attempting to construct or rebuild democracy. The guide offers an intensive assessment of democratic levers -- resembling power-sharing formulation, questions of federalism and autonomy, concepts for minority rights, constitutional safeguards and so on. It analyses real negotiated settlements from locations like Bosnia, Fiji, Northern eire, Guatemala, Sri Lanka, Papua New Guinea and South Africa. Written via foreign specialists and skilled negotiators, the guide is designed as a short reference device containing quite a few case reports, factsheets and functional examples.
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Additional resources for Democracy and Deep-Rooted Conflict: Options for Negotiators
This is an important distinction. Conflict resolution suggests the ending or removal of a conflict. The implication is that conflict is a negative phenomenon, which should be resolved, ended, and eradicated. On the contrary, conflict can be positive as well as negative. 4 Democracy and Conflict Management in which disputes are processed, but not definitively resolved. It is a necessary part of healthy democratic debate and dialogue, provided it remains within the boundaries of the commonly accepted “rules of the democratic game”.
A shift in focus beyond the immediate to the longer term, a reorientation from the surface symptoms to their underlying cause, is vital for both the short-term process and the long-term future. However, any doctor will rightly argue that treating symptoms is a vital humanitarian act, bringing short-term relief of suffering. A negotiation process that fails abysmally in its attempt to design a long-term settlement, but achieves a six-month ceasefire, has saved many lives. We must therefore not decry the genuine value of short-term measures, especially in situations of desperation and suffering.
Political demands for fast results may be overwhelming. In a context of ongoing violence, many lives may be at stake. The temptation is to push for superficial success at the expense of concentration on the outcome. The need to reach an agreement – any agreement – becomes more important than the quality of the agreement, especially its all-important elements of sustainability and durability. Longterm stability is sacrificed for short-term expediency. This pressure can build from many sources: a limited window of opportunity for talks; a tenuous cease-fire agreement that may collapse without quick results; the influence of outside actors who need their own results; the limited patience of a constituency who demand immediate improvements or guarantees; military issues, economic needs and contingencies, and so on.
Democracy and Deep-Rooted Conflict: Options for Negotiators by Peter Harris, Ben Reilly, Mark Anstey