Defects at Oxide Surfaces by Jacques Jupille, Geoff Thornton PDF

By Jacques Jupille, Geoff Thornton

ISBN-10: 3319143662

ISBN-13: 9783319143668

ISBN-10: 3319143670

ISBN-13: 9783319143675

This publication provides the fundamentals and characterization of defects at oxide surfaces. It offers a state of the art assessment of the sphere, containing details to a few of the kinds of floor defects, describes analytical the right way to examine defects, their chemical job and the catalytic reactivity of oxides. Numerical simulations of faulty constructions entire the image constructed. Defects on planar surfaces shape the focal point of a lot of the ebook, even if the research of powder samples additionally shape an enormous half. The experimental research of planar surfaces opens the opportunity of employing the massive armoury of recommendations which were built during the last half-century to review surfaces in ultra-high vacuum. this allows the purchase of atomic point facts below well-controlled stipulations, supplying a stringent attempt of theoretical tools. The latter can then be extra reliably utilized to structures reminiscent of nanoparticles for which actual tools of characterization of constitution and digital homes haven't begun to be built. The booklet offers tips to tailor oxide surfaces by means of controlling the character and focus of defects. the significance of defects within the physics and chemistry of steel oxide surfaces is gifted during this e-book including the renowned function of oxides in universal existence. The publication includes contributions from leaders within the box. It serves as a reference for specialists and newbies within the box.

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We consider now the case of ZrO2. Zirconium dioxide is currently used, for example, as a solid electrolyte in oxygen sensors [107] and solid oxide fuel cells operating at low temperatures [108], in thermal barrier coating applications [109], nuclear waste confinement [110], as a gate dielectric material in metal-oxide semiconductor devices (generally in combination with hafnia) [111], and as a 1 Numerical Simulations of Defective Structures … 15 catalytic support medium [112]. The room temperature stabilisation of the high symmetry polymorphs of ZrO2 is commonly achieved either by transition metal doping or by preparation of nanocrystalline phases.

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Defects at Oxide Surfaces by Jacques Jupille, Geoff Thornton


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