By Emma Bell (auth.)
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Additional info for Criminal Justice and Neoliberalism
7). ). Perhaps more signiﬁcant when evaluating the punitiveness of these new measures is the fact that the majority of requirements imposed on offenders tend to focus more on the need to punish and control offenders rather than on their rehabilitation. Since the introduction of the new order in 2005, the use of unpaid work and curfews as requirements has increased whilst there has been a decline in the use of accredited programme requirements (Mair and Mills, 2009, p. 11). ). ). Yet, if the judges did not speciﬁcally set out to make community sentences more punitive in nature, it would appear that the New Labour government did and that the new coalition government also intends to do so (see Chapter 5).
19 are even higher than those revealed by the Prison Reform Trust almost 20 years ago (Prison Reform Trust, 1991), suggesting that the increase in the use of imprisonment has impacted most heavily upon whole swathes of the disadvantaged. It might be argued that the UK, or England and Wales at least, are now heading down the road towards mass imprisonment. The crime-prison nexus Before analysing the trend towards mass imprisonment in detail, it should ﬁrst be noted that it is not a direct response to increased criminality, contrary to Jack Straw’s afﬁrmation, ‘If crime is rising, the prison population is bound to rise’ (Straw, cited by Richards, 1998, p.
Furthermore, it is not just the most serious offenders who are concerned by such trends but relatively minor offenders too – the UK has moved a long way from the principle of bifurcation which was so popular in the 1980s and early 1990s. In light of this discussion, it would be hard to disagree with the following assessment by the Prison Reform Trust in its discussion of IPPs: ‘The “just desert” model of sentencing where a period of punishment is carefully measured out against the offence has been replaced by a belief that people can be held indeﬁnitely, for a huge range of offences, until rehabilitation has been administered and somehow proven’ (Prison Reform Trust, 2007).
Criminal Justice and Neoliberalism by Emma Bell (auth.)