By David P Rice
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Additional info for Craniofacial sutures : development, disease and treatment
Increased levels of Tgf␤1 and Fgf2 proteins are produced in the dura mater underlying the PF suture just prior to and during the fusion while the patent sagittal suture produces only low levels of these growth factors . Greenwald et al.  targeted an adenoviral construct of secreted form of Fgf2 to PF or coronal dura mater in vivo to demonstrate that Fgf2 was responsible for the increased proliferation, extracellular matrix molecule synthesis, and for the synthesis of Tgf␤1. They also showed that a similar targeting of a truncated form of Fgfr1, which blocks Fgf signaling, caused infected PF sutures to stay patent.
For example the frontomaxillary, nasomaxillary and zygomaticomaxillary sutures do not start to fuse until the 7th or 8th decade of life . This is presumably due to mechanical strain applied through masticatory forces on the upper part of the face. The exception is the intermaxillary suture which starts to fuse between the age of 30 and 35 years . In the mouse, all calvarial sutures, except for the posterior section of the interfrontal suture, remain patent. The posterior section of the interfrontal suture fuses between 25 and 45 days postnatal, and it does this in an anterior to posterior manner .
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Craniofacial sutures : development, disease and treatment by David P Rice