By Giovanni Pascuzzi, Umberto Izzo, Matteo Macilotti
In the previous few years, the growth in biobanking has triggered a full of life debate on a number of interrelated felony matters, equivalent to the Gordian knot of the possession of organic fabrics, in addition to privateness matters. The latter are as a result hassle of accepting that organic samples has to be thoroughly nameless with out making it virtually most unlikely to take advantage of their info capability. the problems additionally comprise the fragile function and the altering content material of the donor’s “informed consent” because the major criminal device which could serve to hyperlink the privateness and estate pursuits of donors with the examine pursuits and the set of ideas that are meant to be on the center of the biobanking perform. finally, the IP concerns and the patentability of organic samples in addition to the security of databases storing genetic details got from the samples are coated. accumulating eighteen essays written by means of eminent students from Italy, the U.S., the united kingdom and Canada, this publication offers new suggestions to those difficulties. From a comparative standpoint, it explores the level to which electronic know-how might help in tackling the varied regulatory concerns raised by means of the perform of biobanking for study reasons. those concerns can be thought of and analyzed lower than the conventional paradigms of estate, privateness, knowledgeable Consent and highbrow Property.
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Additional info for Comparative Issues in the Governance of Research Biobanks: Property, Privacy, Intellectual Property, and the Role of Technology
However, in this larger picture, there are two other bottom lines: one is that regulators should act as stewards for the agency commons (for the infrastructural conditions that are essential to human life), and the other is that the regulatory environment should not become so reliant on coding, design, and technical fixes that the conditions and context for moral community are compromised. While biobanking for public health purposes might seem to be an unimpeachable act of stewardship, we need to be careful that it does not contribute to the corrosion of the conditions for moral community.
915, claims that Sangamo has a “monopoly” on ZFNs and a “stranglehold” on ZF technologies. His antitrust analysis in support of these claims is pretty much nonexistent. Whether he would make the same claims in 2010 like he did in 2005, I do not know. 1 Ownership and licensing of US patents on the engineering and use of designer ZFPs from 1 January 2008 through 1 June 2010 Patent no. R. 1 (continued) Patent no. Title US7365181 Probes for chondrogenesis US7335760 Nucleic acid sequences encoding zinc finger proteins US7553659 CHD5 encoding nucleic acids, polypeptides, antibodies and methods of use thereof US7407745 Method for screening anticancer agent US7485714 Transcription factor having zinc finger domain US7402436 Lentiviral vectors for sitespecific gene insertion US7598031 Method for the detection of gene transcripts in blood and uses thereof US7413863 Identification of substances that inhibit NEMO oligomerisation US7592146 Protocol for detecting proteins in a culture containing an embryo US7354766 Modification of plant crossing properties via gene transfer US7368293 Liver enriched transcription factor US7514257 Zinc finger transcription factor differentiation proteins US7666591 Single stranded DNA binding proteins from Archaea and uses thereof US7576263 Gene OSISAP1 of rice confers tolerance to stresses and a method thereof US7716030 Target ligand generation Patent owner Case Western Reserve Univ Ceres Inc Licensee ND Patent category Screen for targets ND Gene modification Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia ND Screen for targets Chugai Seiyaku Kabushiki Kaisha Sangamo ND Screen for targets ND City of Hope ND Modify/affect gene expression Gene modification GeneNews Corp ND Screen for targets Institut Pasteur ND Screen for targets Inventors ND Screen for targets National Inst of ND Agrobiological Sciences Rockefeller Univ ND ToolGen Inc ND Modify/affect gene expression ZFP design/ selection Modify/affect gene expression Univ of California ND ZFP design/ selection University of Delhi Modify/affect gene expression ND Vertex Pharma Inc ND ZFP design/ selection ZFP design/ selection US7435806 Nucleic acid binding of Vlaams ND multi-zinc finger transcription factors Patents obtained through Sangamo’s acquisition of Gendaq are indicated by the symbol # 2 Research Biobanks Meet Synthetic Biology: Autonomy and Ownership 37 CLAIMS)) OR ((ZFP)
The highly speculative nature of this last possibility suggests that it is time to stop trying to predict the future. 62 Lerner and Tirole (2005), p. 99, Lerner and Tirole (2002), p. 197 and Roberts et al. (2006), supra note 57. 63 702 F. Supp. Y. 2010). 64 First, “economic theory has . . 66 But these industries are so different from zinc finger technology that the analogy is weak. Further, the term “foundational patent” is, as we have seen, so malleable that it has little precise content. 67 This example seems inconclusive because both Sangamo and the Zinc Finger Consortium have substantial plant technology underway that uses zinc finger technology.
Comparative Issues in the Governance of Research Biobanks: Property, Privacy, Intellectual Property, and the Role of Technology by Giovanni Pascuzzi, Umberto Izzo, Matteo Macilotti