By V.P. Mineev
Describes topologically strong styles akin to vortices, disinclinations, dislocations, and area partitions in ordered media (superfluids, liquid and good crystals, magnets). It additionally introduces the fundamental notions of homotopic staff thought and the mandatory algebraic topology structures. the writer is without doubt one of the inventors of topological type of defects in a concept of ordered media and this vintage paper presents a good reference textual content for postgraduates and researchers.
By E. K. H. Salje, A. S. Alexandrov, W. Y. Liang
With the invention of high-temperature superconductors, examine into polarons and bipolarons has attracted a lot realization. This e-book is the 1st normal connection with provide a entire view of the polaron and bipolaron conception of high-temperature superconductivity, some of the most major discoveries in physics long ago decade. Scientists have additionally saw polarons and bipolarons in magnetic semiconductors and transition steel oxides. The thorough research of those nonsuperconducting fabrics has contributed enormously to our simple figuring out of the actual houses of either polarons and bipolarons. This publication features a sequence of authoritative articles at the such a lot complex study on polarons and bipolarons in high-temperature superconductors and similar fabrics. This booklet can be of significant curiosity to researchers in condensed subject physics, and particularly these operating within the box of superconductivity.
By Michele Cini
This booklet offers fabric for classes in theoretical physics for undergraduate and graduate scholars focusing on condensed topic, together with experimentalists who desire a thorough theoretical heritage; the complicated half can be of curiosity to analyze staff too. an excellent first path in quantum mechanics is believed. the following various many-body phenomena in condensed topic are mentioned, with precise realization paid to the certainty of robust correlation results. This calls for quite a few theoretical instruments (diagram expansions, teams, recursion tools and more). The textual content, which arose clearly from educating, is eminently readable and the mathematical remedies are defined in sufficient aspect to be simply. Proofs of all of the suitable theorems are supplied, however the major emphasis is often at the actual that means or applicability of the implications. Many examples are supplied for representation and in addition function labored problems.
By Vladimir Davydovich Blank, Emmanuel Isakovich Estrin
The use of high-pressure concepts has develop into renowned for learning the character of drugs and phenomena happening in them, specifically as a way of acquiring new fabrics (synthesis less than excessive strain) and processing recognized fabrics (hydroextrusion). A manufactured from a long time of analysis via the authors and their colleagues, Phase Transitions in Solids below excessive Pressure discusses the relationships of section modifications in solids lower than excessive strain, the mechanism of those differences, crystal geometry, the impression of deformation, the stipulations of formation, and renovation of the high-pressure levels less than general pressure.
The ebook starts off with an advent that describes the connection of the thermodynamics of part ameliorations and the kinetics of the ameliorations. this is often through a bankruptcy explaining the gear and commonly unique approaches for investigating part transformation in solids lower than excessive hydrostatic and quasi-hydrostatic pressures. The ebook covers part ameliorations less than excessive strain in a large temperature variety within the components carbon, silicon, germanium, titanium, zirconium, iron, gallium, and cerium in addition to in titanium- and iron-based alloys and AIBVII, AIIBVI, and AIIIBV compounds.
In addition, the ebook examines the kinetics of part alterations in iron-based alloys in isobaric–isothermal stipulations. The authors current effects for part ameliorations in deformation less than excessive strain, describe a number of non-trivial results linked to part changes less than excessive strain, and research the kinetics and hysteresis of high-temperature and low-temperature part adjustments. They finish through describing the function of investigations below excessive strain for identifying basic relationships governing part adjustments in solids.
By David D. O'Regan
Density practical concept (DFT) has develop into the traditional workhorse for quantum mechanical simulations because it bargains a very good compromise among accuracy and computational fee.
However, there are lots of vital platforms for which DFT plays very poorly, such a lot particularly strongly-correlated fabrics, leading to an important contemporary development in curiosity in 'beyond DFT' tools. the commonly used DFT+U procedure, specifically, consists of the addition of specific Coulomb repulsion phrases to breed the physics of spatially-localised digital subspaces.
The importance of those corrective phrases, measured through the recognized Hubbard U parameter, has acquired a lot recognition yet much less so for the projections used to delineate those subspaces.
The dependence at the number of those projections is studied intimately right here and a style to beat this ambiguity in DFT+U, by way of self-consistently settling on the projections, is brought.
The writer exhibits how nonorthogonal representations for digital states can be utilized to build those projections and, additionally, how DFT+U will be applied with a linearly expanding price with appreciate to approach dimension.
The use of nonorthogonal services within the context of digital constitution calculations is largely mentioned and clarified, with new interpretations and effects, and, in this subject, this paintings could function a reference for destiny staff within the field.
By B Seeber
The instruction manual of utilized Superconductivity, Two-Volume Set covers all very important features of utilized superconductivity and the assisting low-temperature applied sciences. The guide truly demonstrates the services of superconducting applied sciences and illustrates the right way to enforce those applied sciences in new components of educational and business study and improvement. quantity One presents an advent to the theoretical historical past of either high and low Tc superconductivity, via information of the elemental comparable to wires, tapes, and cables utilized in functions of superconductivity and the required aiding technology and know-how. Theoretical discussions are often via examples of actual designs, fabrication recommendations, and useful instrumentation counsel. a last bankruptcy examines fabrics houses at low temperatures. quantity offers examples of present and destiny functions of superconductivity. It covers clinical platforms for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), excessive box magnets for examine, superconducting magnets for accelerators, commercial platforms for magnetic separation, and transportation structures. the ultimate chapters glance to destiny functions in energy and superconducting electronics. With totally referenced, peer-refereed contributions from specialists in numerous fields, this two-volume paintings is an important reference for a variety of scientists and engineers in educational and commercial study and improvement environments.
By L.D. Faddeev, L.A. Khalfin, I.V. Komarov
Within the interval among the beginning of quantum mechanics and the past due Nineteen Fifties, V.A. Fock wrote papers which are now deemed classics. In his works on theoretical physics, Fock not just skillfully utilized complicated analytical and algebraic equipment, but additionally systematically created new mathematical instruments whilst current methods proved inadequate. This number of Fock's papers released in numerous assets among 1923 and 1959 in Russian, German, French, and English. those papers discover a few of the primary notions of theoretical quantum physics, resembling the Hartree-Fock procedure, Fock area, the Fock symmetry of the hydrogen atom, and the Fock practical procedure. additionally they current Fock's perspectives at the interpretation of quantum mechanics and the elemental value of approximate equipment in theoretical physics. V.A. Fock was once a key contributor to 1 of the main intriguing classes of improvement in 20th-century physics, and this booklet conveys the essence of that point. The seminal works provided during this ebook are a useful reference for any pupil or researcher in theoretical and mathematical physics, specially these focusing on quantum mechanics and quantum box conception.
By Wolfgang Nolting
Der Grundkurs Theoretische Physik deckt in 7 Bänden alle für das Diplom und für Bachelor/Master-Studiengänge maßgeblichen Gebiete ab. Jeder Band vermittelt das im jeweiligen Semester notwendige theoretisch-physikalische Rüstzeug. Übungsaufgaben mit ausführlichen Lösungen dienen der Vertiefung des Stoffs. Die grundlegend überarbeitete Neuauflage des 7. Bandes wurde um weitere Aufgaben sowie Abschnitte zur Hochenergiephysik ergänzt. Mit der zweifarbigen Darstellung ist der Lehrstoff nun noch übersichtlicher gegliedert.
By Sh. Kogan
This booklet appears on the physics of digital fluctuations (noise) in solids. the writer emphasizes many basic experiments that experience turn into classics: actual mechanisms of fluctuations, and the character and importance of noise. He additionally contains the main complete and whole evaluate of flicker (1/f) noise within the literature. it is going to be invaluable to graduate scholars and researchers in physics and digital engineering, and particularly these engaging in study within the fields of noise phenomena and hugely delicate digital devices--detectors, digital units for low-noise amplifiers, and quantum magnetometers (SQUIDS).
By Kartik N. Shinde
The suggestion for this e-book arose out of the belief that, even though first-class surveys and a phosphor instruction manual can be found, there's no unmarried resource protecting the realm of phosphate dependent phosphors particularly for lamp undefined. furthermore, as this box will get basically restricted recognition in such a lot normal books on luminescence, there's a transparent want for a booklet within which cognizance is particularly directed towards this swiftly becoming box of sturdy country lights and its many functions. This ebook is geared toward delivering a valid creation to the synthesis and optical characterization of phosphate phosphor for undergraduate and graduate scholars in addition to academics and researchers. The ebook offers assistance in the course of the multidisciplinary box of good nation lighting fixtures particularly phosphate phosphors for rookies, scientists and engineers from universities, study companies, and particularly undefined. in an effort to make it valuable for a large viewers, either basics and purposes are mentioned, together.
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