By Helmut Martin, Andrea Leitner, Bernhard Winkler (auth.), Alexander Thaler, Daniel Watzenig (eds.)
The use of electrochemical strength garage structures in automobile functions additionally consists of new requisites for modeling those platforms, specially by way of version intensity and version caliber. presently, quite often basic application-oriented types are used to explain the actual habit of batteries. This booklet offers a step past of state of the art modeling exhibiting a variety of diversified techniques overlaying following features: procedure protection, misuse habit (crash, thermal runaway), battery kingdom estimation and electrochemical modeling with the wanted research (pre/post mortem). All this various methods are constructed to aid the general integration method from a multidisciplinary point-of-view and depict their additional improvements to this process.
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Additional info for Automotive Battery Technology
The sample holder consists of a metal structure, which houses a heating sleeve and the thermocouples. A lithiumion battery with the dimensions 18650 (cylindrical geometry with d = 18 mm and l = 65 mm) can be fitted into the centre of the heating sleeve. The inside wall of the heating sleeve is thermally insulated. The role of the thermal insulation layer is to provide the thermal connection between the heating sleeve and the sample. Due to the low thermal conductivity of the insulation layer, a thermal runaway reaction can proceed in adiabatic-like conditions.
This enables the build-up of suitable models for the single cell, with characteristic deformation and failure behaviour. Battery module or pack models can then be created by applying state-of-the-art FE techniques. The derived models must be validated in specially designed battery module or pack tests. 22 G. Trattnig and W. Leitgeb Fig. 3 Schematic drawings of the main cell types used in the automotive industry This chapter describes the boundary conditions of the vehicle development process, the required tests and the individual steps for the derivation of a battery model, followed by summary of the current state of the art and recommended further development.
Note: to make the curves comparable, each curve was moved on the time axis, so that the second venting event starts at time zero. a The first 100 s and b the first 2 s of the second venting events are shown Most components of the gases are flammable. The gases can be toxic due to the presence of CO. 4 Conclusion and Outlook Three types of consumer lithium-ion batteries with the format 18650 with different cathode materials were evaluated in thermal runaway tests. The cells were brought into thermal runaway by external heating.
Automotive Battery Technology by Helmut Martin, Andrea Leitner, Bernhard Winkler (auth.), Alexander Thaler, Daniel Watzenig (eds.)