By Jeff Kinard
Artillery: An Illustrated background of Its influence charts the advance of enormous, crew-operated battlefield guns from the dart firers and catapults of the traditional global to the discovery of gunpowder in China and its functions in medieval Europe, and from the emergence of naval and land gunnery 4 centuries in the past to the most recent rapid-fire, rocket propulsion, laser counsel, and antiaircraft technologies.
Written through a professional on army history,Artillery explores the technological and strategic suggestions that experience made those guns more and more potent at breaking via fortifications, causing casualties from a secure distance, supplying conceal for advancing forces, demoralizing competitors, and protecting positions from assault. past the battlefield, the ebook additionally appears on the impression of artillery on background and at the lives of civilians in addition to soldiers.
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Extra resources for Artillery: An Illustrated History of Its Impact (Weapons and Warfare)
Still, such weapons represented progress, and they were added to European arsenals as attested by ordnance lists from Ghent dated 1313, reports of cannons firing iron balls at the siege of Metz in 1324, and an order by the city of Florence dated 11 February 1326 for brass cannons (canones de metallo) and iron balls. An early account of naval artillery is also found in a 1338 document recounting a French fleet’s mission against England carrying a 25-pound pot de fer, 3 pounds of powder, and 48 projectiles.
The Teutonic guns, positioned in the front lines with some infantry, opened the battle but reportedly managed to fire only twice before being overrun by Polish and Lithuanian light cavalry and infantry. Heavy rains of the previous day may have dampened the Germans’ powder, rendering it unreliable and prone to misfires. Another critical factor was the decision by the Polish and Lithuanian commanders to hold back their heavily armed knights and lead their attack with irregularly spaced light cavalry and infantry.
During the period the new artillery forced military architects to redesign fortifications to accommodate defensive guns and to withstand the destructive power of besieging cannons. Even more far reaching, the long-range weapons also foretold the end of mounted chivalry, one of the key foundations of the old European feudal structure. Early French and Burgundian Artillery Spurred by the Hundred Years’ War, French cannon and munitions production spread rapidly during the fourteenth century. Records from 1340 through 1382 list facilities in Lille, St.
Artillery: An Illustrated History of Its Impact (Weapons and Warfare) by Jeff Kinard