By Mark E. Jensen, Patrick S. Bourgeron
Ecosystem administration calls for a making plans and decision-making procedure that locations land use in its acceptable ecological context. simply because ecological exams has to be carried out at a variety of spatial scales and throughout jurisdictional limitations, methods to review has to be appropriate and in keeping with one another. A Guidebook for built-in EcologicalAssessment analyzes tools and offers criteria and protocols for overview and the combination of data.
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Extra resources for A Guidebook for Integrated Ecological Assessments
Franklin, J. ; MacMahon, J. ; Parsons, D. ; Peterson, C. ; Turner, M. ; Woodmansee, R G. 1996. The scientific basis for ecosystem management. Ecol. Appl. 6:665-691. ; McNab, W. ; King, Thomas; Russell, Walter E. 1997. National hierarchical framework of ecological units. In: Boyce, Mark S; Haney, Alan, eds. Ecosystem management: applications for sustainable forest and wildlife resources. New Haven, CT, and London: Yale University Press: 181-200. ; Maxwell, T. 1994. Resolution and predictability-an approach to the scaling problem.
Significant change occurs to the ecosystem. When unexpected significant change occurs to an ecosystem, management goals and objectives for the system must be reevaluated. Such catastrophic changes are referred to as surprise events by Holling (1978) and can be better predicted through monitoring programs designed to account for uncertainty. Large-scale fire is an example of a significant ecosystem process that can greatly alter the vegetation patterns of an area. If such process-pattern relations are not explicitly addressed in planning documents, integrated ecological assessments may be triggered by such surprise events.
For. : 3-15. , technical editors. 1997. An assessment of ecosystem components in the interior Columbia basin and portions of the Klamath and Great Basins: volume 1. PNW-GTR-405. S. Dept. , For. , Pacific Northw. Res. Sta. Rahel, F. J. 1990. The hierarchical nature of community persistence: a problem of scale. Amer. Naturalist 136:328-344. Rapport, D. J. 1992. Environmental assessment at the ecosystem level: a perspective. J. Aquat. Ecosystem Health 1:15-24. Risk Assessment Forum (RAF). 1992. Framework for ecological risk assessment.
A Guidebook for Integrated Ecological Assessments by Mark E. Jensen, Patrick S. Bourgeron